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太阳城网上版_初中英语重点词汇79组,建议初中生收藏,考前背一背,考试拿高分

 2020/01/09 15:22:56   浏览次数:4657

太阳城网上版_初中英语重点词汇79组,建议初中生收藏,考前背一背,考试拿高分

太阳城网上版,1.pull a face/make a face做鬼脸

可能在做鬼脸的时候通常会拉脸,所以就用了pull这个单词,这样想可以帮助记忆。

【例句】peter pulled/made a face when he was photographed.彼得在拍照时做了一个鬼脸。

【注意】这个词组形式是可以改变的,比如许多人做鬼脸时,可以改为make faces,做那种鬼脸可以表达为make that face.

2.in fact事实上、实际上

这个词组相信大部分同学都是非常熟悉的,不过不要着急,今天在节目中,我会告诉大家它的升级版。

【例句】

i thought i was going to be late, but in fact i was early.

我本以为我要迟到了,但事实上我早到了。

in fact, the lecture was very interesting.

事实上,讲座非常有趣。

【注意】

1). in fact这个词组在句子中的位置非常灵活,放句首句尾或者当中都可以。

2). in fact=as a matter of fact

3.fall asleep 睡着

这个词组可以表示正要睡着这个状态,或者是已经睡着了。

【例句】

go to bed now or you'll be falling asleep at your desk tomorrow.

现在快去睡觉,不然你明天会在课桌前(指上课的时候)睡着。

the music was so restful that i almost fell asleep.

这音乐太宁静舒缓了,以至于我差点就睡着了。

【注意】fall-fell-fallen

4.fall ill病倒

这个词组很好记忆,fall本来就有“摔倒”的意思,你可以想象成生病的人倒了下来。

【例句】

the old man fell ill and everybody was afraid he might die.

那位老人病倒了,所有都担心他可能会死。

so many people have fallen ill with flu that the office is almost empty.

那么多人感冒病倒了,以至于办公室几乎没人了。

5.fall in love爱上

这个词组不单单用来说明“爱上某人”,还可以是“爱上某物”。中文中常说“坠入爱河”是不是和fall这个词特别搭配呢?

【例句】

the prince fell in love with the girl and asked her to marry him.

王子爱上了这个女孩,并向她求婚。

if you fall in love with silk or velvet, use it on decorative pillows.

如果你爱上了丝绸或天鹅绒,就把它(指这种材料)用在装饰枕上。

【注意】1). fall-fell-fallen 2). 注意介词搭配with

6.fall to pieces 破碎;破损

pieces有“碎片”的意思,大家可以这样记忆:都摔成碎片了,当然就是“破碎;破损”的意思啦。

【例句】

peter is crying because his favourite toy has fallen to pieces.

彼得大哭,因为他最喜欢的玩具摔坏了(这里是意译)。

i have used this bag so much that it's falling to pieces.

我一直在用这个包,以至于它正在(慢慢)坏掉。

【注意】

1). fall-fell-fallen

2). 从例句中就可以看出,这个词组用得很灵活,常带有比喻的效果。

7.be familiar with 熟悉

这个词组中最需要注意的就是介词with

【例句】

are you familiar with this neighbourhood?

你对附近一带(可以理解为这个小区)熟悉吗?

you should be familiar with how it works so you know what to expect.

你应当熟悉它是如何工作的,以了解会发生些什么。

8.out of fashion不再时尚

这个词组很好记的,字面意思为“在时尚外面”,当然就是“不再时尚”的意思咯。我们也常常说你out啦,是差不多的意思。

【例句】

oh no, nobody wears hats like that any more! they're completely out of fashion.

不,没有戴那样的帽子了。他们完完全全是过时了的。

9.do sb a favour 帮助某人

这个词组不论在口语还是书面语中都是高频词汇了!如果你只会用help这个词,那你太out了!赶紧来学.这个词组的字面意思就是“给谁一个恩惠,为谁做一个善举”。

【例句】

would you do me a favour? 你能帮我一个忙吗?

can you do me a favour and drive me to the station?

你能帮我一个忙,开车送我到车站吗?

10.above all 最重要的;尤其

you say above all to show that something is more important than other things.

【例句】

above all,we must protect the children. 最重要的,我们必须保护孩子们。

they need food,clothing and,above all,water. 他们需要食物、衣服,和最重要的水。

11.feel like doing/sth想要

表示想要做某事的时候,你只会用want吗?我们今天来讲讲这个高频词组吧.

【例句】

do you feel like seeing a movie? 你想看一场电影吗?

i felt like a walk, so i went out. 我想要散个步,所以我出去了。

【注意】这里like是介词,所以后跟名词或动名词

12.feel free 尽管做,没问题

这个词组貌似读起来有点拗口,大家多练练。话说我很喜欢这个词组~~字面意思可以理解为“感到自由”,然后自己衍生一下,就可以记住词意了。

【例句】

—can i use your toothpaste? —feel free.

——我能用你的牙膏吗?——尽管用。

feel free to use my toothpaste. 我的牙膏你随便用。

【注意】大家看例句,是不是已经注意到了,我们可以说feel free to do sth.

13.find fault with 挑剔、找……岔子

you find fault with something or someone when you criticize them.

with后面可以跟sth,也可以跟sb.fault是错误的意思,所以字面意思就是“挑错”。

【例句】

she is always finding fault with my cooking.

她总是挑剔我的厨艺。

try not to find fault with everything he does—it makes him feel worthless.

不要对他所做的事都挑剔,这让他觉得自己很没用。

14.forget it 没关系;别在意

词组字面意思大家一定都知道,就是“忘了它吧”,其实就是让对方别在意某事。这个词组可以在口语中使用频率相当高哦。

【例句】

—it was so kind of you to help me. 你能帮助我们实在是太贴心了。

—forget it, i was glad to help. 别在意,我很乐意帮忙。

—sorry i forgot to bring your books. 抱歉我忘了把你的书带来了。

—forget it…… i'll get them another time. 没关系。我改天来拿。

【注意】从例句中,大家也看出来啦,无论是道谢还是道歉,都是可以用上这个词组的。

15.by accident 偶然;意外地

you do something by accident when you do it unexpectedly.

【例句】

i found the answer to the question by accident. 我偶然发现了那道问题的答案。

we met again,by accident,at the gym. 我们在体育馆偶然又碰到了

16.after all毕竟、终究

【例句】

the english test wasn't so difficult after all,was it?毕竟英语测试不是很难,不是吗?

【注意】

这两个词组在句中的位置很灵活,放前面、放当中、放最后都可以。翻译也比较灵活,请看下面的例句:

peter couldn't have done it. after all, he was on holiday that week. 彼得不可能做了(那件事),别忘了,那周他在休假。

17.after this 接下来,从今以后

【例句】where shall we go after this? 接下来我们去哪呢?

i’m never going to play with tom after this. i hate him! 从今以后我再也不和汤姆玩了,我讨厌他!

【注意】

在短语after this中,代词this指现在和目前的状况。要注意和after that区分。

18.after that 后来、接着、自那以后

【例句】

we lived in beijing for two years and after that we moved to nanjing.

我们在北京住了2年,后来我们搬去了南京。

the sports center closed, so we had no more football training after that.

体育中心关门了,自那以后我们再也没有过足球训练了。

【注意】在短语after that中,代词that指过去或将来发生的事。

19.easier said than done 说来容易做来难

这个词组其实运用了比较级来表达,是个非常常用的短语哟

【例句】

you need to get yourself a better job, but i know that's easier said than done.

你应该找一份更好的工作,但是我知道这说来容易做起来难。

—just print out the report and give it to me.

—that's easier said than done—the printer's broken!

——把报告打印出来并且给我拿来。

——说的倒容易,打印机坏了!

20.again and again反复地、屡次的、一再地

【例句】

they keep making the same mistake again and again. 他们一再地犯同样的错误。

the police asked us again and again to describe exactly what happened. 警方一再地要求我们描述(当时)确切发生了什么。

21.how about 好吗、行吗、怎么样

you can use how about…… to suggest something.词组后跟名词或动名词。

【例句】

how about a cup of tea?喝一杯茶好吗?

i'm busy tomorrow,but how about the next day?明天我很忙,后天行吗?

【注意】

也可以用what about……来表达这个意思。what about a cup of tea?

22.about to=just about to 即将、正要

you are about to or just about to do something when you are just going to do it.

be about to do=just about to do

这两个词组后面紧跟动词原形,解释为“正要做某事”

【例句】

he was about to leave when the phone rang. 当电话响起时,他正要离开。

this train is just about to leave. 火车就要离开了。

【注意】这两个词组可以互相替换,使用度非常高。

23.take advantage of利用

you take advantage of an opportunity when you use it.

【例句】

you should take advantage of their free advice service. 你应该利用他们免费的咨询服务。

we sat outside and took advantage of the clear weather. 我们坐在室外来利用(呼吸)新鲜空气。

【注意】take advantage of 后面通常紧跟名词。

24.face to face面对面

这个词组按照字面意思就可以理解了,同时这个词组在句中的位置也非常灵活。

【例句】

jack has a chance to meet his favourite football team face to face.

杰克有一个机会和他最喜欢的球队面对面接触。

25.for ever永远;老是

这个词组可以在句子当中也可以在句子结尾。

【例句】

we promised to stay friends for ever. 我们许诺过永远是朋友

dad's car was for ever breaking down. 爸爸的车老是抛锚。

【注意】可以写成forever,话说曾经我还一直纠结不已呢,现在明白了。

26.have no doubt确信;不怀疑

注意,doubt 这个单词中b是不发音的,另外这个词组可以跟从句或者介词短语,具体看例句吧.

【例句】

i have no doubt that you will easily pass your exam.

我确信你很容易就可以通过考试。

kate has no doubt about marrying him.

凯特确信她会嫁给他。

【注意】have要根据时态变化形式。

27.in the distance在远处

【例句】

i think i can hear a train in the distance.

我想我能听见远处火车的声音。

do you see that house over there in the distance? i live there.

你看见远处那边的那所房子吗?我住在那里。

28.count me in 算我一个

这个词组的字面意思是“把我算在里面”,在口语中是一个高频词组,非常地道。有时也会说“i‘m in.”表示“算我一个”。

【例句】

—do you want to play cards with us? 你想和我们一起打牌吗?

—count me in. 算我一个/我加入。

29.in detail 详细地

【例句】

we have discussed the plan in detail. 我们详细讨论过这个计划。

could you explain your idea to me in more detail? 你能更详细地向我解释你的主意吗?

30.be in debt 欠债、负债

注意 debt 这个单词中的b是不发音的哦

【例句】

jane bought lots of things on her credit card and soon in debt.

简用她的信用卡买了很多东西,马上就负债了。

we will not lend you more money while you are still in debt.

当你仍然在负债时,我们是不会借你更多钱的。

31.it/that depends 那得看情况;取决于

这个词组可以直接单独用或者加从句,具体我们来看看例句吧

【例句】

we might go for a walk tomorrow. it just depends what the weather is like.

我们明天可能出去散步。这得取决于天气的情况。

—do you like curry? —that depends.

——你喜欢咖喱吗? ——那得看情况。

【注意】这个词组后,经常加一个由how或what引导的从句,描述各类情况

词组辨析

1.put down 放下

shut down 把…关上

cut down 砍掉

come down 下来、落下

slow down 减缓、放慢

sit down 坐下

write down 写下

get down 下来,降落

2.after all 毕竟。终究

after that 于是,然后

day after day 日复一日地

one after another 相继,挨次

soon after 不久以后

the day after tomorrow 后天

run after 追逐

3.come up with 提出

come out 出版、(花朵)绽放

come to an end 结束

come up/over 过来

come on 加油、得了(算了)

4.catch up with 赶上

wake up 弄醒、醒来

send up 发射

open up 开设、开办

grow up 长大

pick up 拾起、捡起

hands up 举手

eat up 吃光

clean up 打扫干净

give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事

up to 高达、累计达

meet up with 与……会面

5. clothes,cloth,clothing

clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数;

cloth指布,为不可数名词;

clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of,an article of

6. incident,accident

incident指小事件;

accident指不幸的事故 eg:he was killed in the accident.

7. amount,number

amount后接不可数名词;

number后接可数名词 eg:a number of students

8. family,house,home

home 家,包括住处和家人;

house房子,住宅;

family家庭成员。eg:my family is a happy one.

9. sound, voice, noise

sound自然界各种各样的声音

voice人的嗓音

noise噪音 eg:i hate the loud noise outside.

10. photo, picture, drawing

photo用照相机拍摄的照片

picture可指相片,图片,电影片

drawing画的画 eg:let's go and see a good picture.

11. vocabulary, word

vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量

word具体的单词 eg:he has a large vocabulary.

12. population, people

population 人口,人数

people 具体的人 eg:china has a large population.

13. weather,climate

weather一天内具体的天气状况;

climate长期的气候状况 eg:the climate here is not good for you.

14. road,street,path,way

road具体的公路,马路;eg:take this road

street街道;eg:in the street

path小路,小径;

way道路,途径 eg:show me the way to the museum.

15. course,subject

course课程(可包括多门科目);eg:a summer course

subject科目(具体的学科)

16. custom,habit

custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do;

habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. eg:i've got the habit of drinking a lot.

17. cause,reason

cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth;

reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth.

eg:the reason for being late

18. exercise,exercises,practice

exercise运动,锻炼(不可数);

exercises练习(可数);

practice(反复做的)练习 eg:practice makes perfect.

19. class,lesson

作“课”解时,两者可以替换。指课文用lesson;

指班级或全体学生用class. eg:lesson 6;class 5

20. speech,talk,lecture

speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说;

talk日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话;

lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 eg:a series of lecture on…

21. officer,official

officer部队的军官;

official政府官员 eg:an army officer

22. work,job

二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 eg:a good job

23. couple,pair

couple主要指人或动物;

pair多指由两部分组成的东西 eg:a pair of trousers

24. country,nation,state,land

country侧重指版图,疆域;

nation指人民,国民,民族;

state侧重指政府,政体;

land国土,国家 eg:the whole nation was sad at the news.

25. cook,cooker

cook厨师;

cooker厨具 eg:he is a good cook.

26. damage,damages

damage不可数名词,损害,损失;

damages复数形式,赔偿金 eg:$900 damages

27. police,policeman

police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词;

policeman 指某个具体的警察

eg:the police are questioning everyone in the house.

28. problem,question

problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about,solve,raise;

question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用

29. man,a man

man人类;

a man一个男人 eg:man will conquer nature.

30. chick,chicken

二者均可指小鸡;

chicken还可以当鸡肉 eg:the chicken is delicious.

31. telegram,telegraph

当电报解时,telegram指具体的;

telegraph指抽象的 eg:a telegram,by telegraph

32. trip,journey,travel,voyage

travel是最常用的;

trip指短期的旅途;

journey指稍长的旅途;

voyage指海上航行 eg:a three-day trip

33. sport,game

sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;

game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 eg:his favorite sport is swimming.

34. price,prize

price价格;

prize奖,奖品,奖金 eg:win the first prize the price is high/low.

35. a number of,the number of

a number of许多,谓语动词用复数;

the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。eg:the number of students is increasing.

36. in front of,in the front of

in front of范围外的前面;

in the front of范围内的前面 eg:in the front of the room sits a boy.

37. of the day,of a day

of the day每一天的,当时的,当代的;

of a day暂时的,不长久的 eg:a famous scientist of the day

38. three of us,the three of us

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个;

the three of us我们三个(就三个人)eg:the three of us——tom,jack and i went to the cinema.

39. by bus,on the bus

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词;

on the bus表范围 eg:they went there by bus.

40. for a moment,for the moment

for a moment 片刻,一会儿;

for the moment暂时,一时 eg:thinking for a moment,he agreed.

41. next year,the next year

next year将来时间状语;

the next year过去将来时间状语 eg:he said he would go abroad the next year.

42. more than a year,more than one year

more than a year一年多;

more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)

43. take advice,take the(one's)advice

take advice征求意见;

take the advice接受忠告 eg:he refused to take the advice and failed again.

44. take air,take the air

take air传播,走漏;

take the air到户外去,散步 eg:we take the air every day.

45.few, a few; little , a little

虽然都表示“少”,但:

few, a few是可数的,little, a little是不可数的。

a few, a little含肯定意味,few, little含否定意味。

(1)they have a little ink, don't they? 他们有一点墨水,是吗?

(2)they have little ink, do they? 他们几乎没有墨水,是吗?

(3)she has a few chinese friends, doesn't she? 他有几位中国朋友,是吗?

(4)she has few chinese friends, does she?他几乎没有几位中国朋友,是开吗

(5)she has a little dog.她有一只小狗。

46.must, have to

must表示说话人的主观看法;而have to则表示客观需要。mustn't意为“不可以;不允许”;don't have to意为“不必”。如:

(1)my father had to work when he was ten years old.

(2)the play is not interesting. i really must go now.

47.after, in

(1)after+时间段 表达过去一段时间以后,常用于过去时态的句子;

i received the letter after two days. 我是两天以后收到这封信的。

(2)after+时间点 表示将来一段时间以后,用于将来时态的句子。

he will arrive after four o'clock.

(3)in+时间段 以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间以后,常用于将来时态的句子。

you will receive the letter in three days. 你三天以后将收到这封信。

48.among/between

between表示“两者”之间

do you know the difference between the two words? 你知道这两个词有什么不同吗?

among表示“三者或三者以上”之间。

he is the most energetic boy among them. 他是他们中间精力最饱满的孩子。

49.ago, before

(1)ago立足于现在,表示从现在起,若干时间之前;ago通常与一般过去时连用,不能与完成时连用;

i met him three years ago.(距今)三年前,我遇到他。

(2)before立足过去,表示从过去某一时刻起,若干时间以前。before通常与过去完成时连用。

i had met him three years before.(距当时)三年前我见到他一次。

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